“Long vowels” refer to vowel sounds that are pronounced the same as their name. For example, “cap” becomes “cape” by adding an e at the end.
Understanding the ways in which spelling can produce changes in letter sounds can be tricky for children learn at first. Caregivers can support this process by practicing age- and skill-appropriate spelling and pronunciation patterns.
This video provides instruction for identifying, teaching, and practicing words with long vowel sounds using a silent “e” at the end.